Men and women have different access to development programs and are affected differently by USAID activities. USAID seeks to understand these differences to improve the efficiency and overall impact of its programs so that both women and men have equitable access to development activities and their benefits.
USAID places a high priority on the disaggregation of performance data by sex for all performance indicators that can be collected in this way, and it encourages Mission staff to utilize gender-sensitive indicators to improve the Agency’s understanding of how the roles and status of men and women in a community affect their participation and the benefits they realize from USAID supported programs. USAID ADS 201 defines the collection of sex disaggregated data for performance indicators and use of gender-sensitive indicators as mandatory where analyses demonstrate that:
USAID also encourages Missions to identify other types of data disaggregation in their PMPs, including, for example, disaggregation on the basis of income levels, rural/urban residence, or ethnic or cultural group affiliation might be valuable in certain situations. Still other types of data disaggregation may be very specific to particular program elements. For a trade performance strategy that looked to reductions in the time and cost required to move goods across borders, for example, data on the national average time for clearing customs might show improvements that only if disaggregated by entry point would reveal that shorter clearance times at the international airport masked the fact that land border crossings were stagnant at an average of 14 days, negatively affecting both female and male entrepreneurs.
Combining gender disaggregation with relevant data disaggregation from other perspectives enhances the value of performance information for USAID managers. For trade and other economic growth measures, USAID’s E3 Bureau has developed lists of gender-sensitive indicators in an indicator list highlighted on this page; some of those indicator are shown in the table below.
|Export Promotion, Customs Reforms, and Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprise (SME) Support|
Export-Oriented Clusters and Value Chains
Reduction of Customs-Related Operational and Administration Constraints
Business Services and Training for SMEs