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LF Trade Facilitation Example

Additional Examples of Logical Frameworks for Trade Projects

The examples included are adapted from existing or completed USAID projects.

This page brings together elements of a Logical Framework for a broad trade facilitation project developed on a column by column basis in this kit section. Additional sample Logical Frameworks are available on trade facilitation topics under the menu bar in this heading.

The Logical Framework sample on this page includes a Sub-Purpose, and is thus presented on a basic Logical Framework that includes a Goal, Purpose, Outputs and Inputs. To create a four level Logical Framework on line, go to the kit’s Logical Framework Template. For the variation below with a Sub-Purpose go to Logical Framework Template: With Sub-Purpose. For other template variations, see the kit’s Logical Framework Variations page. To help you check your work a Logical Framework Checklist is also provided in this section of the kit.

Narrative Summary Indicators Data Sources Assumptions


Rapid, sustainable, broad-based economic growth

  • Growth in (real) gross domestic product (GDP) per capita
  • Tracked by E3 for the Mission


Trade performance improved

End of Project Status

  • Foreign trade (X+M) as a percentage of GDP
  • Export sales of assisted firms increase by 15% over baseline, on average
  • Domestic and foreign direct investment in non-traditional export production increased by five percent (5%)
  • Tracked by E3 for the Mission
  • USAID quarterly project records for assisted firms, disaggregated by sex of firm owner
  • National statistics series, annual, on domestic investment rate; FDI, and investments in non-traditional exports

Affecting the purpose-to-goal link

  • Growth of the domestic economy remains steady or improves.


More efficient/cost-effective movement of goods across borders

  • Time to export/import (days) reduced from average nine (9) for road borders to average of five (5) within three (3) years.
  • Number of documents required to export/import goods across borders decreased for accredited operators within one year and other shippers within two (2) years.
  • Cost of export/import reduced by 10% or more for operators that make electronic submissions
  • Baseline and annual time calculations for all land/road border crossings for regular and accredited operators
  • Baseline and annual number of documents calculations for all land/road border crossings for regular and accredited operators.
  • Baseline and annual customs clearance processing costs for regular and accredited operators

Affecting the sub-purpose-to-purpose link

  • World prices for country's exports remain steady or improve.
  • Volume and types of non-traditional exports continues to rise, even if only slightly.


1. Customs automation extended to land crossings.

2. Trained customs staff at land border crossings increased

3. Expedited clearance operational for accredited economic operators

1. Six (6) land crossings fully automated withing one year; remaining eight (8) automated within two (2) years.

2. Number of trained customs officers at land crossings rises from one to two (1-2) in all posts within one (1) year. 

3.1 Expedited clearance available within six (6) months.

3.2 At least 10% of shippers eligible for expedited shipping are using this service within two years of initiation.

1. Customs agency records

2. Customs agency records

3. Customs agency records

Affecting output-to-purpose link

  • Electrical service at land/road border crossings is available 24/7 most days
  • Trained customs staff are not reassigned away from land/border crossings once placed there


1.1 Install computers, scanners, printers, electrical wiring and related equipment in 14 land crossing customs posts.

2.1 Assign 14 trained/experienced additional customs staff assigned to border posts; provided customs staff already working at those posts with training in automated systems and procedures.

3.1 Distribute flyers and initiate local trade radio campaign in border crossing towns to promote accredited operators program.

3.2 Introduce simplified "accredited economic operator" application procedure at land border crossing customs posts.

1. Computers and other equipment installed on schedule and within budget

2.1 Six (6) new agents assigned in year one (1) and eight (8) in year two (2).

2.2 Training provided for existing land border customs staff within one (1) year.

3.1 85% of shippers at each land/road border crossing have seen a flyer or heard a radio ad about the accredited operators program.

3.2 Expedited shippers program initiated within two (2) months of border custom automation at all sites

1. Customs agency records

2. Customs agency records

3.1 USAID project mini-survey

3.2 USAID and customs agency records 

Affecting input-to-output link

  • Adequate number of experienced customs agents are willing to be reassigned to land/road posts from the capital city.
  • Number of shippers that can and want to qualify for the accredited economic operators program meets or exceed baseline survey estimates.