The revitalization of project design at USAID recognizes that development is highly complex, requiring that the design process itself be responsive to Mission-specific circumstances, and stresses the need to assess and reassess project implementation through learning and adapting.
USAID's definition of a project is both classic and highly specific to the Agency's approach to development assistance program cycle. Conceptually, USAID definition of a project is consistent with the usage of that term globally. A project is:
A set of executed interventions, over an established timeline and budget, intended to achieve a discrete development result by resolving an associated problem.
Beyond this, other characteristics of a project are specific to USAID. These defining characteristics include the fact that:
This section of the kit is designed to help you develop the M&E and learning related aspects of a Project Design. The section is divided into six segments, as listed in the menu below. Several key subtopics and tools found in this section are also highlighted in this menu. You can go through this section sequentially, by using the forward arrow at the bottom of each page, or you can jump directly to topics that interest you. The Program Cycle menu at the top of this page and the Sitemap provide even more detailed views of the coverage of this section, should you wish to consult them.
|Using Evidence from Past Evaluations|
|CDCS to Project Linkages|
|Logical Framework (LF)|
|Logical Framework Template: Basic|
|Logical Framework Review Checklist|
|Project Evaluation Overview|
|Project Evaluation Questions Template|
|Project Learning Approach|
|M&E and Learning at the Activity Level|
Project design is an important USAID staff function. Project design process involves three steps: the development and review of a Concept Paper; the preparation of a Project Appraisal Document (PAD) and a final Project Authorization which gives substantive approval for a project to move from the planning stage to implementation. It does not reserve or commit funds.
Major steps of the project design process must be led by USAID staff, involving participation from all relevant offices. The designated USAID project design team must oversee the analysis, conceptualization and detailed design aspects of the project. Collaboration, consultations and peer reviews with experts should be used, but USAID staff must assume a leading role. USAID staff must serve as the principal liaison with partner government officials, local stakeholders and with other donors in establishing project priorities and broad design parameters.
The authorization approves the project design, sets out the basic scope of the design and its duration, defines certain fundamental terms and conditions of the assistance, and approves an overall total budget level for the project. During the design process, the choices of implementation mechanisms are made and basic scopes of work/terms of reference can be drafted, including budgets allocated for each mechanism. Early work of this sort facilitates the preparation of RFPs or RFAs for USAID-direct awards and the drafting of bilateral agreements in the case of G2G agreements initiated once a project has been authorized.