A Results Framework (RF) graphically displays the results USAID intends to achieve over a CDCS period. The "Theory of Change" that underlies USAID’s strategy is revealed through arrows in the diagram that identify causal linkages through which Sub-IRs and IRs (at the bottom) help to bring about DOs and progress towards the CDCS Goal at the top.
A Results Framework is a graphic portrayal of the development hypotheses through which a Mission expects to achieve the Goal of a CDCS. Visually, a Results Framework brings together several, often quite distinct, streams of results, which function synergistically to produce broad development changes. Thus, an economic growth result in a Results Framework might join with a health and an education results to realize CDCS Goal stated in citizen welfare terms.
In Results Frameworks, results levels have distinct labels which are associated with the degree of responsibility USAID is accepting for their achievement as well as with their relationship to other results on the diagram.
ADS 201 requires that preliminary performance or context indicator(s) must be included in the Results Framework Indicator Annex rather than in the Development Hypothesis or Results Framework sections of the CDCS. This Results Framework Indicator Annex template has been developed to provide a structured approach to organizing such an annex. Missions should adjust the tables as necessary to reflect the number of DOs, IRs, and Sub-IRs outlined in their CDCS.