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Trade in CDCS Strategies

USAID's Policy Framework 2011-2015 highlights the importance of trade for achieving sustainable, broad-based economic growth, driven by the private sector.

Between 1999 and 2011, USAID invested $6.3 billion or $525 million per annum on average, with a return, calculated on the basis of a lagged multi-country regression, of $42 in exports for every dollar invested. As a means for achieving economic growth, rather than an end in itself, trade is not always visible on Mission Results Frameworks.

As of the end of FY 2012, eleven USAID Missions had completed the CDCS development and approval process against an end of FY 2013 target set for all Missions.

  • Of these eleven, eight identified economic growth as one of their DOs.
  • Among the eleven approved CDCS’s, three included increased trade as an IR.
  • In two CDCS’s increased trade was included as a causal factor for achieving economic growth; in the other instance where increased trade is shown as an IR, it is hypothesized to contribute to a reduction in poverty at the DO level.
  • In addition to approved CDCSs that explicitly identified trade as an IR, there were a number that included IR-level results focused on the private sector’s competitiveness or on markets.

For Missions that include increased trade as an IR in their approved CDCSs, the Illustrative Hierarchy of Trade Results included in this section may provide an idea for elaborating sub-IRs and developing projects that will achieve a CDCS’s trade results.